Robert Young, M.Sc., D.Sc., Ph.D., used phase-contrast microscopy, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy to analyze the following COVID-19 vaccines: Pfizer–BioNTech mRNA Vaccine, the Moderna-Lonza mRNA-1273 Vaccine, the Serum Institute Oxford Astrazeneca Vaccine, and the Janssen COVID -19 Vaccine. Dr. Young concluded:
The Pfizer, Moderna, Astrazeneca and Janssen drugs are NOT “vaccines” but complexed Graphene Oxide nano particulate aggregates of varying nano elements attached to genetically modified nucleic acids of mRNA from animal or vero cells and aborted human fetal cells.
The companies making the COVID-19 vaccines tested by Dr. Young did not list graphene oxide as an ingredient in any publicly available documents. Dr. Young concluded that graphene oxide in the COVID-19 “vaccines” renders them poisonous to the body’s cells. The toxicity of graphene oxide is a generally known fact among scientists, which may explain why the companies did not reveal it as an ingredient in their COVID-19 “vaccines.” Dr. Young explains:
Dr. Young found the presence of graphene oxide using advanced microscopy. Some would consider that presumptive proof but not confirmatory. Some suggest that mass spectrometry analysis is necessary to confirm Dr. Young’s findings. It is fair to say that Dr. Young’s advanced microscopy evidence, along with the other circumstantial evidence, establishes at least probable cause that the COVID-19 vaccines contain graphene oxide.